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Full text of "A few facts about Toncan Iron for architects and engineers."

/$/ 




REPUBLIC 



STEEL 



CORPORATION 



OHIO 



What 




Toncan 



Iron ? 



Toncan Iron is a highly refined open hearth iron of excep- 
tional purity, with which both copper and molybdenum are al- 
loyed in the proper proportion to provide maximum rust and cor- 
rosion-resistance. That copper increases corrosion-resistance of 
ferrous metals is a well established fact. 

Toncan Iron contains twice as much copper as the best of 
competitive ferrous materials. This additional copper has maxi- 
mum effectiveness because it is alloyed in correct proportion with 
molybdenum. 

Toncan Iron is a rust-resistant metal which is structurally 
and chemically uniform. It is the same highly rust and corrosion 
resistant metal all the way through — not just on the surface. 







Open hearth steel 



Copper 



TONCAN IRON 




Ordinary copper- 
bearing sheets 






Open hearth iron 



molybdenum in proper 
proportion 





Twke as much copper 



TONCAN IRON SHEETS, 
most rust-resistant ferrous 
sheets in their price classl 



•' 



* * 



I 
• 






• • » 



• 



Toncan Iron is not a steel. It is an iron. It is not merely 
a copper-bearing iron. Toncan Iron is the only sheet metal on 
t the.market today which combines a refined open hearth iron with 
" : SO.T.B 'cfrggei: :amd\nyplybdenum. Because it contains twice as 
. .mu&h copper as' Oth*er ; ferrous materials in its price class, Toncan 
.•.It-otL-Vists ,l<5itger, costs less per year! 

• • » * - 




2 



Why TONCAN 



IRON 



gives your clients 



more for their money 






Toncan Copper Molybdenum Iron was created expressly to resist 
corrosion. Because of inherent chemical and structural differences 
from all other ferrous materials in its price class, Toncan Iron gives 
your clients more years of service at lower cost per year! 



TONCAN 




AN IRON 



with uniform rust-resistance 



Iron and steel rust first and most rapidly at 
those points where there are chemical im- 
purities or non-uniform grain structure. The 
more uniform the metal, chemically and phy- 
sically, the more uniform is its resistance to 
corrosion. 

Toncan Copper Molybdenum Iron is a highly 
refined open hearth iron from which rust- 
accelerating impurities have been removed 
to the proper limit. Republic's long experi- 
ence makes it possible to produce commer- 



cially pure open hearth iron of great chemi- 
cal uniformity. 

Skillful alloying of the correct proportion 
of copper and molybdenum with the uniform- 
ly pure iron creates a fine, equi-axed grain 
structure — structural uniformity. 



uniform 

resists 



Toncan Copper Molybdenum Iron 

both chemically and structurally 

rust equally and uniformly all the way 

through the metal. 



TONCAN IRON HAS GREATER "NOBILITY". . . resists rust longer 



Rust is iron oxide — iron combined with oxy- 
gen. Under 400° F., iron will not combine 
with oxygen (will not rust) until the iron 
has first been dissolved. 

Some metals dissolve, or go into solution, eas- 
ily. Others, because of their inherent nature, 
are more "noble," which means that they have 
greater resistance to solution. For instance: 
gold, silver and platinum, known as the 
"noble metals/' are famous for their resist- 
ance to rust. 

Toncan Copper Molybdenum Iron — because 
it contains both molybdenum and twice as 
much copper as competing copper-bearing 
irons and steels — has greater "nobility. 
Therefore it has greater resistance to rust 
and corrosion than any other ferrous ma- 
terial in its price class! 

As a result of its greater "nobility," plus 
chemical and structural uniformity, Toncan 
Iron lasts longer on the job, gives your cli- 
ents more for their money ! 



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TONCAN IRON HAS GREATER RESISTANCE 
to solution — therefore to rust and corrosion — than 
copper-bearing steel and non-copper-bearing iron 
and steel. The above chart is based on the Elec- 
tromotive Force Series of Metals*, which is the 
commonly accepted scientific demonstration of the 
relative "nobility" — or resistance to solution 
of metals. 



*Indicates relative potential against normal 
trode KCL.Hg2 Cl2/Hg. at 25 C Volts after 
Sodium Chloride Electrolyte. 



Calomel Elec- 
1 hour in 1% 




3 














GUARDS YOUR REPUTATION 





w?: # 



Toncan Iron offers a long record of proven success under 
severe service conditions. Made exclusively by Republic Steel 
Corporation, world's largest producer of alloy steels, Republic 
Toncan Iron is one of the oldest and best-known names in the 
building industry. It is a name which adequately protects the 
architect's reputation for good judgment in the selection of 
quality materials. 



FABRICATES EASILY, ECONOMICALLY... 

• Toncan Iron gives the opportunity to do a better, more economical job because Toncan 
is easier to work. Its galvanized coating does not peel off easily. Toncan Iron is ductile, 
flat, easily formed and welded. It is uniform, structurally and chemically, from sheet to 
sheet, bundle to bundle, carload to carload. 

By specifying Toncan Iron you take an important step in avoiding inferior sheet metal 
work or delayed progress on your jobs. Sheet metal fabricators like to work Toncan Iron. 



ON THE OCEAN FRONT at Daytona Beach, Florida, beautiful Surf & Sand Apart- 
ment Hotel is exposed to severely corrosive salt spray and air. Because of its corrosion- 
resistance under these extreme conditions, Toncan Copper Molybdenum Iron was used 
for gutters, downspouts and ducts. Architects ■ Ochert and Teare, Cleveland, Ohio. 




4 





N ! 



COSTS YOUR CLIENTS LESS PER YEAR 







Wherever resist- 
ance to rust and 
corrosion is impor- 
tant, Toncan Iron gives the greatest 
value per sheet metal dollar. It has out- 
lasted competitive ferrous materials 
on downspouts and ducts, on roofs and 
on sides of buildings, along seaboards 
and swamps, on farms and factories 
in fact, every place where the hazard 
of corrosion exists. Because it lasts 
longer, Toncan Iron costs less per year! 



What you get 

When you specify "TONCAN IRON" 




You are calling 
for the product 
famous as the 
uniformly rust - 
resistant sheet metal containing twice 
as much copper as competitive ferrous 
materials — a metal which helps to build 
your own reputation, which fabricators 
respect for its working qualities and 
from which your clients will experience 
the very best value for their money. 



7500 LBS. of Toncan Sheets were used for 
roofing, gutters, etc., on the cabana at the 
fashionable Arrowhead Springs Hotel at Ar- 
rowhead Springs, California. The Architect 
was Paul Williams, 



TWELVE TONS of Toncan Sheets were 
used in the heating and ventilating ducts of 
the General Electric office and warehouse 
building at Los Angeles, California. Archi- 
tect: Albert C. Martin. 




5 












n every sheet me 
sheets — remain about 



certain costs 



rmin 



in 



apply 



1 



same whether you speci 



ncan Iron or some 



only a little 
for the same 



other material. In fact, Toncan is so easy to work, so uniform in quality, 
that it often lowers the cost of forming and applying. 

The PRICE of Toncan Iron for a given application is 

higher than the price of other ferrous sheets commonly used 
type of work. 

But the COST (price divided by years of service) is often much less 
than the cost of other "cheaper" materials! 

Where long life, greater resistance to rust corrosion, and freedom 
from frequent expensive repairs and replacements are important — it COSTS 
LESS in the long run to use Republic Toncan Iron. 







nt the Ton- 

cans * a( je i* aT cbne^ 

^yearly cost- 
l W. little- 



A 



COTIO 

ot 



<t . FEW SOI&&&1 
S, 't^O^o^f^ ft 

°- h „ r«is«a» ce T o„can was use 
toncan I^/^orkinc'^foning 

ducts> 



etc 



co 




6 



















V 












a 



THE SLIGHT extra 
cost of Toncan Iron for 
gutters and leaders on 
this Chestnut Hill. Mass., 
home will pay dividends 
in extra years of service. 
Architect : Eleanor Ray- 
mond, 



SMALL EXTRA cost 
of the 70 tons of Toncan 
Iron corrugated sheets 
used for siding and roof- 
ing on the factory (be- 
low) of Owens-Illtnois 
Pacific Coast Company 
at Los Angeles was well 
justified. Note the fine 
condition of this building 
after ten years of use. 



TRILLIUM RUN 
beautiful Lake Fore* 
III residence of archi 
tect Jerome Robert Cet 
ny. Here Toncan Iron 
used on all decks, sad- 
dles, tops of bay wit 
dows, chimney caps and 
air conditioning ducts. 



THE COST of labor was 
86' /< o the total cost of 
installing the gutter on 
the "eyebrow" roof of 
this house (left). Th 
cost will not be repeated 
soon because only 90c 
extra put Toncan Iron on 
the job. 



7 



TONCAN IRON SHEETS FOR RESIDENCES 



* 







HARMONIZING perfectly with its unusual set- 
ting, this roomy home in Bel-aire, Los Angeles, 
California, was designed by Paul Laszlo. Galvan- 
ized Toncan Iron, 26 gauge, was used throughout 
this outstanding building. 





ANOTHER BEAUTIFUL HOME of distinction in 
Lake Forest, Illinois — for the ducts of which rust- 
resisting Toncan Iron was used exclusively. Archi- 
tect: Jerome Robert Cerny. Mr. Cerny also speci- 
fied Toncan Iron for 'Trillium Run", his own home. 







THE BEAUTIFUL CORINTHIAN columns in 
front of this residence in Sbreveport, La , were 
made from Toncan Iron. Architects: Jones, 
Roessle, Olschner and Weiner. Fabricator : H. H. 
Bain Sheet Metal Company. 




ALL AIR CONDITIONING ducts and even the 
hood over the kitchen stove in this Nashville, 
Tennessee, home were made from Toncan Iron. 
Architects: Warheld and Keeble. Sheet Metal 
Contractors: T. L. Herbert and Sons Company. 




8 



TONCAN IRON SHEETS FOR INSTITUTIONS 



• 









:, 



- r 



r 





*? 




A TOTAL of six thousand pounds of long-lasting 
Toncan Iron Sheets were used in constructing the 
ducts at Ahrens Trade School, Louisville, Ken- 
tucky. The Consulting Engineers on this job 
were Warren and Ronald. 





APPROXIMATELY eight tons of Toncan Copper 
Molybdenum Iron Sheets were used for the ven- 
tilating ducts of beautiful Long Beach Junior Col- 
lege, Long Beach, California. This school was 
built in 1925. Architect: Jess Jones. 



TONCAN IRON Sheets were used in building 
beautiful Woodworth School at Dearborn, Michi- 
gan. The architect was C. R. Jensen. The greater 
corrosion resistance of Toncan Iron pays dividends 
in the extra years of life, fewer replacements. 



■,. 




■ «*—,.. 




W IUHIUHUU 



ABOUT 20 TONS of Toncan Iron have been ap- 
plied on distinctive Old Dartmouth Hall at Dart- 
mouth College, Hanover, N. H. The architect was 
Jens Friedrick Larson. W. H. Trumbull was the 
general contractor. 













9 



Toncan Iron Sheets for Heating and Air-Conditioning 

* In the selection of ferrous materials for air-conditioning systems, there is the ever- 
present problem of combating corrosion in (1) central station air-conditioning units 
and (2) ducts through which the conditioned air is carried to different parts of the build- 
ing Replacement of failed metal parts in air-conditioning installations is an extremely 
costly matter. Hence, insurance of maximum life for these parts is a fixed responsibility 
of the architect or engineer. 

Toncan Iron has demonstrated its ability to prolong the life of air-conditioning 
equipment through its stubborn resistance to these corrosive conditions. 




A VIEW of the 
Toncan Iron air 
conditioning ducts 
in a Wilmington, 
Delaware, office 
building. 7 carloads 
of Toncan Sheets 
and 4 of Toncan 
Pipe were used. 
Fabricator: W. F. 
Shinn Company. 



HERE IS a close- 
up of the Toncan 
Iron fan housing 
and air washers at 
Woodworth School, 
Dearborn, Michi- 
gan. These were 
fabricated by the 
American Blower 
Company. 



TONCAN IRON Sheets were 
used in the air-conditioning 
units (below) of Laclede Pack- 
ing Company, St. Louis, Mis- 
souri. Fabricator: Midwest 
Piping and Supply Company. 
Engineers: R. H. Tait & Sons. 



TWO CARLOADS of 
Toncan Iron Sheets were 
used for the duct work 
(below) at Virginia State 
Medical College, Rich- 
mond, Virginia. Archi- 
tects: Baskervill & Son. 





SHOWN below are Ton- 
can Iron ducts in the 
building of the Associ- 
ated Telephone Com- 
pany, Santa Monica, Cal. 
Engineer and Architect: 
Maurice Sasso. 




10 



L 



I 



Toncan Iron Sheets for Factory Maintenance 

rC The designer of industrial buildings must, of course, plan a structure capable 
of withstanding the ravages of time and the weather. But in addition, he must 
also provide protection against quick destruction by the extremely corrosive 
smoke and other factory by-products to which most industrial buildings are con- 
stantly exposed. 

Toncan Iron is an expert alloy of highly refined open hearth iron, molybde- 
num, and twice as much copper as the best copper-bearing steel. It was created 
to resist corrosion. It gives your client longer service — at lower yearly cost! 




MANY YEARS of satis- 
factory service on other 
buildings convinced Ohio 
Forge and Machine Cor- 
poration that Toncan 
Iron was the metal to 
use throughout their 
plant. The drop shop 
building is shown below. 



OVER SIXTEEN 

years ago the soy 
bean processing 
plant (left) was 
roofed and sided 
with Toncan sheets, 
still in excellent 
condition. So Ton- 
can was specified 
for the addition in 
the foreground. 



SHEATHING of 
the tower of this 
grain elevator 
(right) at Buffalo, 
New York, was 
made from corro- 
sion-resisting Ton- 
can Iron Sheets. 
Fabricator : Schmahl 
Sheet Metal Works. 



VENTILATORS and skylights 
on this garage at Greensboro, 
North Carolina, are assured a 
long life. Made from Toncan 
Iron in 1928, they are still in 
good condition. Architect: /. 
/. Sawyer. 



- - 



M * 





•* 



TONCAN IRON 
STANDS UP under the 
corrosive conditions in 
industrial centers such 
as Cleveland, Ohio. The 
Toncan Iron roof of The 
Steel Improvement and 
Forge Company was in- 
stalled in 1927. 



— . ■■ « 




u 



How 




Specify TONCAN IRON SHEETS 



Toncan Iron Sheets are stocked by jobbers in all 
large cities. Be sure to specify: "All sheet metal 
work shall be rust-resisting Toncan Copper Molyb- 
denum Iron manufactured by Republic Steel Corpora- 
tion." In cases where public institutions do not use 
trade-names in specifications, Toncan Iron Sheets 
may be specified as: "Alloyed iron sheets of open 
hearth iron, copper and molybdenum produced by 
the basic open hearth process, containing no less than 
.40 per cent copper and .05 per cent molybdenum/' 



For your protection, every Toncan Iron galva- 
nized sheet is stenciled at approximately two-foot 
intervals with the Toncan Iron trademark in green. 
Smaller formed products are die stamped with the 
trade-mark and maker's name. The gage also is 
clearly shown. 

Look for the green Toncan Iron trade-mark — it's 
your assurance of longer sheet life, easier working 
quality, and greater economy. 



Forms and Finishes 

• Hot-Rolled, Galvanized, Galvannealed, Terne 
Coated Flat Sheets, in all the usual gages and var- 
ious popular forms of roofing, galvanized or painted, 
are available. Roofing may be had in 1J4» 2, 2y 2 and 
3 in. corrugated, Triple Drain, in Pressed Standing 
Seam; in 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 V-Crimp; Pressed Standing 
Seam; Double Cross Lock Roll Roofing; Roll and 
Cap Roofing; Weatherboard Siding; Cross Corru- 
gated; and in Plain and Rock Face Brick and Stone 
Siding. 



SIZES AND GAGES 

Commercial Galvanized and Special Tight Coat, 

well as formed roofing products. 12 to 28 U, S. 
inclusive. Width range, 24 in. to 48 in. Length, 
in, to a maximum of 144 in. 



as 




60 



Hot-Rolled Sheets — 8 to 26 U. S. Gage, inclusive. 
Width range, 12 A in. to 60 in. Length, 30 in. to a 
maximum of 192 in. 



Heavy Cold-Rolled and Light Cold-Rolled 
U. S. Gage, inclusive. Width range 24 in. 
Length, 60 in. to a maximum of 120 in. 



7 to 24 
to 63 in. 



Long Ternes — 14 to 28 U. S. Gage, inclusive. 
Width range, 24 in. to 49 in. Length, 60 in. to a max- 
imum of 144 in. 

Toncan Iron Oven Lining and Toncan Iron Galvan- 
nealed — Gages 16 to 28, inclusive. Width up to 54 
in. Lengths to 144 in. 



Corrugated Roofing and Siding 

(a) Galvanized — Present standard 



widths and 



corrugations. In all lengths, 5 ft. in. to 12 ft. in. 
in 26 gage and heavier, even gages. 

-Present standard widths and corru- 
gations. In all lengths, 5 ft. in. to 12 ft. in. in 
26 gage and heavier, even gages. 



(b) Painted 









This table indicates 
the rolling limits of 
Toncan Iron Sheets 
in hot-rolled, galvan- 
ized, heavy hot-rolled 
annealed and special 
finishes, with the ex- 
ception that hot- 
rolled, annealed Ton- 
can Iron Sheets ar 
not made lighter than 
26 gaee, while gal- 
vanized sheets are 
not supplied in great- 
er length than 144 
in. nor wider than 48 
in. Uncoated sheets 
can be furnished in 
widths and lengths 
greatly in excess of 
those shown here. 
Details upon appli- 
cation. 



ROLLING LIMITS TONCAN IRON SHEETS 



GAGE 



Width 



No. 28 

No. 27 



LENGTH IN INCHES 



24" 26" 28" 30" 32 ' 34"I36" 38"|40 "J42" 44" 46"|48" 50"|52"!54" 56"|58"|60 



" 



144 144 
144 144 



144 144 



144 144 144 144 144 144 144 144 120 
144 144 144 144 144 144 144 144 120 120 
No. 26 144 144 144 144 144'144 1 144 144 144 144 120 

Nos. 25 

and 24 144 144 144 144 144 144 

No. 23 144 144 144 144 144 144 

Nos. 22 

and 20 144 1441144 144 144 144 

No. 18 

& heavier 144 144 144 144 144 144 144 144 144 144 144 144 



144 
144 

144 



120 120 



144 144 120 120 
144 144 144 120 



144 144 144 









144 



144 120 120 120 



120 



120 120 



TONCAN IRON Plates and Strip 

• Rust-Resisting Toncan Iron Plates are made in thick- 
nesses ranging from No. 10 BWG to 2 in. Sizes 
range from 24 to 150 in. in width and from 190 to 
640 in. in length, depending upon thickness. Hot- 
rolled plates are also available in Steel, Republic 
Double Strength Steel and Enduro Stainless Steel. 



Hot-Rolled Toncan Iron Srrip is available in widths 
from 3 J /2 in. to 36 in. Through special arrangements, 
it can be made in widths narrower than 3]/ 2 in., in 
which case the lightest limit is 16 gage. 

The lightest gage in which cold-rolled Toncan 
Iron Strip is offered is 22 gage. All widths available. 



MORE COMPLETE DATA ABOUT TONCAN IRON SHEETS, PLATES 



STRIP 



FOUND 



SWEET'S 



12 



REPUBLIC FORMED ROOFING PRODUCTS 



• 



I 




V-Crimped Roofing: Reasonable in cost, it can be 
applied over close sheathing to strips spaced 4 or 5 
inches apart, or over old shingles. The 3 V-crimped 
makes a stiffer sheet than the standard, while 5 V- 

stronger. All three styles supplied in 
7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 ft., and in gages 
Actual covering width, 24 inches. 



crimped is still 
lengths of 5, 6, 
24 and lighter. 



Corrugated Sheers: Provide light weight, great lin- 
eal rigidity, plus fire protection in roofing and siding 
for industrial buildings, warehouses, mine buildings, 
and other structures in the vicinity of railroads. Also 



ideal for barns, garages and a wide variety of other 
buildings. The 1^4-in. style supplied in gages 20 
and lighter; 2, 2 l / 2 and 3-in. styles in gages 10 and 
lighter. Both styles 26 or 21 l / 2 in, wide; lengths, 5, 6, 
7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 ft. 

Roll Roofing: Especially useful with slight roof 
pitch and for wide areas. Cross seams double locked. 
50 lineal feet in each roll. Covering width 24 in. 
Gages 26 and 28. Also available in Roll and Cap 
(with caps and cleats) and Self-capping Roll Roofing. 
No nails driven through material when applied. 



Republic's New Triple-Drain Roofing 



Makes leaks impossible. Not one, not two, but actually 
three channels! Water must climb 4 "ridges" and 3 "valleys." 

Triple-Drain gives you these plus features: 
1. 



No water or dust, no 
chemical reaction on flat 
top. 

2. Fool-proof nailing guide. 

3. Center crimp for rigidity. 

4. Guide for top lap insures 
snug fit. 

5. Wind deflector - no wind 
buckling or capillary ac- 
tion. 



6. 



7. 



8. 



Rib stiffeners - no wind 
flapping - prevents sy- 
phoning. 

Steep "V" channels - 
water runs off faster - 
keeps channels clean 
keeps dust or chaff from 
accumulating. 
Nail indentation - non- 
slip nail guide. 



Made of prime sheets resquared before forming— no 
seconds — perfectly fabricated. Full weight galvanizing. 
Rolling bends — no sharp bends to cause galvanizing to chip 
or crack. For roofs of J /4 pitch or more. 

EASY TO APPLY — WATERPROOF — FIREPROOF 
EXCELLENT PROTECTION AGAINST LIGHT- 
NING WHEN PROPERLY GROUNDED 




LITERATURE DESCRIBING THESE 



OTHER REPUBLIC FORMED ROOFING 



PRODUCTS. ..WRITE REPUBLIC STEEL CORPORATION 



CLEVELAND, OHIO 



13 



REPUBLIC 



ELECTRO 



PAINTLOK 



SHEETS 



* 



ELECTRO 



These zinc-coated sheets take paint, enamel and 
lacquer easily — and grasp it with long-time adher- 
ence. Coated electrically, they don't flake or pow- 
der in the dies, don't crack, don't peel. 



You can bend Electro Paintlok Sheets, stamp 
them, draw them and paint them — with outstanding 
results. They are tailor-made to meet modern re- 
quirements. Whether you choose to paint, enamel 
or lacquer Electro Paintlok Sheets, their pure zinc 
coating, applied by Republic's electric process, 
provides a degree of mechanical adhesion never 
before possible. 



TONCAN 




The same corrosion-resistance which has en- 
abled Toncan Iron Sheets to set so many service 
records is also available in Toncan Iron Pipe. 
Wherever the going is tough, where corro^ e con- 
ditions require pipe with maximum ability to com- 
bat corrosion. Toncan Iron Pipe is a safe specifi- 
cation. Complies with Federal Specification 
WW-P-403a. Type III 

Check these advantages: 
1 Toncon Iron Pipe hos high corrosion-resistance. 

This chemically and structurally uniform alloy 
oi open hearth iron, copper and molybdenum in 
the proper proportions has high nobility — a high 



BASE METALS AVAILABLE 

Republic Electro Paintlok Sheets are available 
in plain open hearth steel, U-Loy copper-bearing 
steel and in rust-resisting Toncan Copper Molyb- 
denum Iron, exclusive product of Republic Steel 
Corporation. 

The standard surface finish of these metals will 
meet normal production requirements of most 
products. For example, signs, washing machine 
lids and refrigerator parts are only three of the 
many being made successfully without an extra 
treatment or burnished finish. Arrangements can 
be made, however, for additional surface prepara- 
tion when circumstances make this advisable. 

All grades of Republic Electro Paintlok Sheets 
can be supplied stretcher leveled and, if ordered, 
resquared where extra flatness is required. 

GAGES AND SIZES 

Electro Paintlok Sheets are available in gages 
14 to 24 inclusive. Widths range up to 60 inches, 
in gages 14 to 20 inclusive, and to 53 inches in 
gages 21 to 24 inclusive. These sheets are of- 
fered in lengths up to 144 inches. If your require- 
ments are not met by these ranges, let us know. 
We will be glad to discuss your problem. 



• 



* 



IRON 



PIPE 



resistance to dissolution in liquids. It also pos- 
sesses a quality of uniform resistance to solu- 
tion, thus minimizing chances for pitting and 
premature failure. 

2. It is free from mill scale. Mill scale in direct 
contact with iron and a current-carrying solu- 
tion forms galvanic cells which promote rapid 
selective corrosion with resultant premature pit- 
ting type failure. Freedom from mill scale 
eliminates possible failure from this cause. 

3. If hos high ductility. Bending and forming oper 
ations can be performed quickly and easily. 
This means lower fabrication costs. 

4. It can be rapidly and cleanly threaded. This meant 
tight joints — lower threading costs. 

5. It is manufactured by the most modern ond im- 

proved processes. Sizes % to 1*4 -inch are made 
by the new and improved continuous butt weld 
process. Sizes 2-inch to 16-inch are made by 

Republic's perfected electric resistance weld 

process. 



Toncon Iron Welding Fittings ond 

ovoiloble Toncan Iron Pipe 
Standard, Extra Heavy and 
Heavy Weights. 



Welding Rod ore 

is available in 
Double Extra 



GET COMPUTE INFORMATION ABOUT ELECTRO PAINTLOK SHEETS 



TONCAN 



CLEVELAND, 



14 



Where Republic Enduro Stainless Steel Can 

Used in Architecture 




• A list of all possible applications for En- 
duro in architecture would be a list of prac- 
tically all uses to which any metal can be put 
in any building. Palatial office building and 
modest cottage, huge industrial plant and 
small store — all can profitably employ Enduro 
Stainless Steel for utility, beauty, or both. 

Enduro is the family name of a complete 
series of corrosion and heat-resisting steels 
manufactured by Republic — world's largest 
maker of alloy and stainless steels. 

Enduro resists corrosion better than any 
other ferrous material. Properly selected and 
applied, it is rust-proof and will not tarnish 
when exposed to the atmosphere. That's why 
it is called "stainless steel." Silvery-white En- 
duro is the same beautiful, strong metal all the 
way through. 

It is easily cleaned — and looks as sanitary 
as it actually is. Stronger than ordinary steel, 
Enduro is excellent for applications where 



both high strength and high corrosion-resist- 
ance are necessary. It resists scaling (oxida- 
tion) at high temperature. It is readily work- 
able and can be fabricated by the usual com- 
mercial methods. 

An important architectural advantage of 
Enduro is the ease with which it can be com- 
bined with other materials. Its gleaming, sil- 
very lustre blends perfectly with glass, plas- 
tics, non-ferrous metals, wood, brick, marble, 
stone, concrete, etc. 

Distinctive combinations of different surface 
finishes of Enduro are easily obtained. Or, it 
may be etched and filled in with color, either 
in solid tones or in air-brush effects. 

Enduro has been used for decorative ef- 
fects on some of the country's finest buildings. 
Yet, it is equally suitable for such practical 
purposes as heater smoke pipes and conductor 
pipes, where it lasts many times longer than 
ordinary pipe with resultant savings and free- 
dom from trouble. 




■ 



LOUVRE heads, jambs, sills and frames 
are Enduro at Waco Coca Cola Bottling 
Co., Waco, Texas. Architect: R. V. 
D err ah. ENDURO is used on railings, 
banisters, food cases, balconies and trim 
at Forum Cafeteria (left), Chicago, 111. 
Architects: Loewenberg and Loewenberg. 












WRITE 



REPUBLIC STEEL CORPORATION, CLEVELAND, OHIO, FOR 



FACTS ABOUT ENDURO STAINLESS STEEL 



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